Trust in familiar building blocks
Questions & Answers about PLM
- What is PLM?
- Why PLM?
- What are the goals of PLM?
- Which areas are affected by PLM?
- What is a PLM system?
- Is there a PLM solution?
- Is PLM in any case the last stage of expansion?
Considerations before introducing PLM
- Reliance on familiar things
- Existing PLM modules and connections
- Analysis of existing modules or systems
What is PLM?
What is PLM?
PLM stands for Product Lifecycle Management. What is meant is the management of product life cycles.
By monitoring the entire product life cycle, companies hope to gain a better overview of all processes in the life cycle of a product. This includes, for example, initial design studies, production planning, economic aspects or even disposal or decommissioning.
What are the goals of PLM?
The goals can be …
- the shortening of the cycle in certain sub-areas
- optimize the efficiency of production
- the reduction of costs
- the elimination of redundant data entry in the company
Important concerning goals: Before the implementation of PDM, the objectives should be clearly agreed at management level: What is to become, what does it bring to the company, and who uses and interprets results?
Which areas are affected by PLM?
In principle, all areas are affected that are involved in any way in the development of a product. For example …
- Construction (CAD)
- Calculation (CAE)
- Production planning and control (PPS)
- Sales (planning, sales, logistics)
- Services such as support or product replacement
- Disposal or recycling
What is a PLM system?
If the entire aforementioned sub-areas of the product life cycle are to be monitored, software is required that ultimately constitutes a PLM system.
Due to its complexity, such a system represents a conceptual approach rather than a self-contained, homogeneous IT solution. In this respect, a PLM system usually consists of several systems that are interconnected:
- ERP systems that enable business management evaluations.
- PDM systems with CAD, ECAD or CAM connections.
- A data management system (DMS) is integrated into an ERP system.
- Many an ERP system covers production planning.
Is there a PLM solution?
Although some manufacturers declare their software product as a singular “PLM system”, the providers of a self-contained overall system can be counted on a few fingers worldwide. Moreover, these solutions are very costly and not really satisfactory for all areas. Oversized or unsuitable for the middle class.
Is PLM in any case the last stage of expansion?
The combination of different systems can bring interesting, profitable information to light. If these are observed and evaluated at management level. Sometimes practice proves that a system was envisaged at the outset which, once implemented, is only partially respected. Or that goals were not clearly and comprehensively formulated in advance.
Considerations before introducing PLM
Reliance on familiar things
At GAIN Software, we believe in trusting the familiar.
This is because many companies have already been using ERP and also PDM for many years. Thus, the employees of various departments have been able to gain a great deal of experience over the past 10 to 15 years. And therefore today know very well what they want and what not.
Already existing PLM modules and connections
In most cases, modules and thus also PLM processes are already available in the company and are fully or partially networked. Small-scale, workable approaches that are usually worth building on. Examples:
Parts of a data management system (DMS) are already integrated in the ERP system (software solution for resource planning). Still others in a PDM system.
Often an existing CRM system is already connected to the ERP solution as a communication platform.
And a PDM system takes care of the administration and control of CAD, ECAD, CAM and other documents.
Analysis of existing modules or systems
Perhaps some systems in companies already have a few years under their belt.
However, existing systems and processes should first be analyzed. Questions you should ask yourself before a PLM integration (examples):
- Are the company’s own processes represented sufficiently or as desired in the systems?
- Does the PDM system fit into the overall landscape or can it only be used for design?
- Which ERP system is available and can it be linked to other systems?
- Can existing systems be optimized?
Or will new systems ultimately have to be introduced and built?
The phases of a PLM implementation
The phases are based on existing building blocks. And here, first, the PDM module. Is it already integrated into the house? Can this PDM system be adapted for company processes and the coupling to other systems (ERP, DMS, etc.)?
Interfaces of the individual components are the first prerequisite to be able to network them at all.
Questions before the introduction
- Is a PDM system available and networked throughout the company?
- Does an existing ERP system offer appropriate interfaces?
- Is a DMS already implemented? Which areas can be linked to the ERP system and which to the PDM system?
- Can the DMS communicate with PDM and ERP?
- Does the introduction refer to a company or a group?
- Do multiple organizations need to be coupled?
- Should replication be considered?
Concrete: The first steps towards a PLM system
- Adaptation of the PDM system to the needs of design, ECAD and CAM.
- Define the interface from PDM to ERP; define the form of data transfer from PDM to ERP.
- Automation of article creation in the PDM system in order to process them for transfer to the ERP system.
- Adapt PDM system for coupling to ERP (database fields, article management, parts list configuration, secondary documents).
- Prepare the ERP system for the transfer of data from the PDM system. Checking the ERP system for auditability.
- Check whether article master data must be transferred from the ERP system to the PDM system? This, for example, in order to supplement parts lists in the PDM with article master data.
- Is a bidirectional link necessary, for example, to be able to call up a warehouse stock in the PDM system? Then the ERP must have the interface for this.
- Similarly, but with less scope, the coupling to a DMS system has to be done, if available. A separate DMS system can possibly be dispensed with, provided that the PDM and ERP systems can receive and manage this data.
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